This blog highlights the importance and functions of clan praises among Swati communities and what they entail. In Swati culture, every clan name/ surname has a clan praise. The clan praises are part of Swati culture and historical norms. Thwala (2018:1) reaffirms that clan praises are predominantly used in all fields of social discourse in Swati communities. The praises depict the history of the people, related surnames, clan heroes, and clan totems. These clan praises are mainly used in formal greetings between people who know each other, in thanksgivings, in making requests, when consulting ancestors and when one seeks permission to enter in a particular homestead.
Ms Andiswa Bukula is the isiXhosa Researcher for SADiLaR. As a researcher, she is passionate about her field of research and works towards a better future for the isiXhosa language in a digital learning space.
She is currently working on two articles. One with Dr. Roald Eiselen on the use of Named Entity Recognizers in the isiXhosa. The second article which she will be submitting for the writing retreat in June, is with a colleague from UNISA, Mlamli Diko, which will be looking at the representation of female characters in the isiXhosa drama book, Indlala inamanyala.
This blog is written to describe the interjection functions as part of speech in Xitsonga and the notion it expresses. Interjections in Xitsonga, as in other languages, are used to express the present mental state of the speaker.
Rihlamari i xihluvi xa mbulavulo lexi kongomisaka eka marito lama ma tirhisawaka ku komba kumbe ku humelerisa matitwelo ma xivulavuri hi xiyimo xo karhi xa nkarhi wolowo. Ameka & Wilkins (2006:2), va hlamusela rihlamari hi mikhuva lowu:
Interjections are words which conventionally constitute utterances by themselves and express a speaker’s current mental state or reaction or attitude towards an element in the linguistic or extra-linguistic context.
The blog trace back to the history of the first few written work in isiNdebele, it also shows the years in which isiNdebele was firstly introduced in schools as the language of teaching and learning in the area that was formerly known as KwaNdebele. This history was written by the late Dr. P.B Skhosana in 2003 in the journal article titled “The literary history of isiNdebele.”